Tuesday, 17 November 2009

In 1917, two photos were taken by cousins Elsie Wright (10 years old) and Frances Griffiths (16 years old). That wouldn't have been unusual except that the pictures were of fairies.

From: Frances Griffiths
To: Johanna Parvin
Date: November 9, 1918

"Dear Joe, I hope you are quite well. I wrote a letter before, only I lost it or it got mislaid. Do you play with Elsie and Nora Biddles? I am learning French, Geometry, Cookery and Algebra at school now. Dad came home from France the other week after being there ten months, and we all think the war will be over in a few days. We are going to get our flags to hang upstairs in our bedroom. I am sending two photos, both of me, one of me in a bathing costume in our back yard, Uncle Arthur took that, while the other is me with some fairies up the beck, Elsie took that one. Rosebud is as fat as ever and I have made her some new clothes. How are Teddy and dolly? Elsie and I are very friendly with the beck Fairies." On the back of the photograph Frances wrote "It is funny I never used to see them in Africa. It must be too hot for them there."

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle heard about the fairy pictures and managed to borrow some copies. He created quite a stir with his articles on fairies and lectures on Spiritualism. People had many things to say about the matter:

"On the evidence I have no hesitation in saying that these photographs could have been 'faked'. I criticize the attitude of those who declared there is something supernatural in the circumstances attending to the taking of these pictures because, as a medical man, I believe that the inculcation of such absurd ideas into the minds of children will result in later life in manifestations and nervous disorder and mental disturbances…" (Major Hall-Edward, a radium expert)

"For the true explanation of these fairy photographs what is wanted is not a knowledge of occult phenomena but a knowledge of children." (Truth Newspaper)

"The day we kill our Santa Claus with our statistics we shall have plunged a glorious world into deepest darkness". (South Wales Argus)

"It seems at this point that we must either believe in the almost incredible mystery of the fairy or in the almost incredible wonders of faked photographs." (City News)

Edward Gardner visited Francis and Elsie, bringing with him two cameras and two dozen secretly marked photographic plates:

"I went off, too, to Cottingley again, taking the two cameras and plates from London, and met the family and explained to the two girls the simple working of the cameras, giving one each to keep. The cameras were loaded, and my final advice was that they need go up to the glen only on fine days as they had been accustomed to do before and tice the fairies, as they called their way of attracting them, and see what they could get. I suggested only the most obvious and easy precautions about lighting and distance, for I knew it was essential they should feel free and unhampered and have no burden of responsibility. If nothing came of it all, I told them, they were not to mind a bit."

From: Polly Wright (Elsie's mother)

To: Edward Gardner

Date: August 19, 1920 (Thursday)

"The morning was dull and misty so they did not take any photos until after dinner when the mist had cleared away and it was sunny. I went to my sister's for tea and left them to it. When I got back they had only managed two with fairies, I was disappointed."

Two days later...

"They went up again on Saturday afternoon and took several photos but there was only one with anything on and it's a queer one, we can't make it out. Elsie put the plates in this time and Arthur developed them next day. P.S. She did not take one flying after all."

The girls managed to take three more pictures that were sent to Conan Doyle while he was on his Australian lecture tour. He wrote:

"My heart was gladdened when out here in far Australia I had your note and the three wonderful pictures which are confirmatory of our published results. When our fairies are admitted other psychic phenomena will find a more ready acceptance … we have had continued messages at seances for some time that a visible sign was coming through...."

Elsie's Interview 50 Years Later (Done over a period of ten days):

Elsie: I didn't want to upset Mr. Gardner. I don't mind talking now.

(Mr. Gardner had died the year before)

Elsie: I would swear on the Bible father didn't know what was going on.

Interviewer: Could you equally swear on the Bible you didn't play any tricks

Elsie (after a pause): I took the photographs. I took two of them... no, three. Frances took two.

Interviewer: Are they trick photographs? Could you swear on the Bible about that?

Elsie (after a pause): I'd rather leave that open if you don't mind... but my father had nothing to do with it I can promise you that.

Interviewer: Have you had your fun with the world for 50 years? Have you been kidding us for 10 days

(Elsie laughs.)

Elsie (gently): I think we'll close on that if you don't mind.

Austin Mitchell's Interview with Elsie and Francis:

Mitchell: A rational person doesn't see fairies. If people say they see fairies, then one's bound to be critical.

Frances: Yes.

Mitchell: Now, if you say you saw them, at the time the photograph was taken, that means that if there's a confidence trick, then you're both part of it.

Frances: Yes–that's fair enough–yes.

Mitchell: So are you?

Frances: No.

Elsie: No.

Frances: Of course not.

Mitchell: Did you, in any way, fabricate those photographs?

Frances: Of course not. You tell us how she could do it, remember she was 16 and I was 10. So, then, as a child of 10, can you go through life and keep a secret?

But in 1981, both cousins said that the photos were fake and that they had held up cut-outs with hatpins. Frances insisted until her death (July 1986) that the 5th photo was genuine, and that they had really seen fairies.

1982 Interview on Arthur C. Clarke's World of Strange Powers:

Elsie: "Two village kids and a brilliant man like Conan Doyle, well, we could only keep quiet."

Frances: "I never even thought of it as being a fraud — it was just Elsie and I having a bit of fun and I can't understand to this day why they were taken in — they wanted to be taken in."

The Dionne Sisters

The first set of quintuplets to survive infancy, and the female identical set of five ever recorded, were the Dionne sisters (Anette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie, and Yvonne) born in Callander, Ontario, Canada on May 28, 1934.

Four months after their birth, the Ontario governmentfound the parents to be unfit for the quintuplets and Olivaand Elzire Dionne lost the custody of their five girls, originally for a guardianship of two years The reason for taking them away was to ensure their survival into healthy toddlers, but when the government realized the mass interest in the girls, they were made wards of the provincial crown, planned until they reached the age of 18.

The Dafoe Hospital and Nursery was built and here the girls were privately tutored and had occasional contact with their parents and five other siblings.

The compound also had a outdoor playground designed to be a public observation area. It was surrounded by a covered arcade that allowed tourists to observe the sisters behind one-way screens. Two to three times a day the sisters were brought out to play for 30 minutes as 6,000 people per day came to watch them. From the sisters' point of view, the tourists were generally heard but not seen.

Close to three million people came to see the girls between 1936-1943. Their father ran a souvenir shop and concession stand across opposite the nurseryalong with Madam LeGros and Madame LeBelle who opened up their own souvenir and dining stand.
In 1934, the Quintuplets brought in about $1 million, and they attracted in total about $51 million of tourist revenue to Ontario. It became Ontario's biggest tourist attraction of the era, at the time surpassing the Canadian side of Niagara Falls.

In 1943, the Dionne parents won back the custody of the quintuplets. Their entire family moved into newly built yellow brick, 20-room mansion that was paid for out of the quintuplets' fund. The sisters left the family home when they turned 18 and had little contact with their parents afterwards. Emilie and Marie died before reaching middle age and the surviving quintuplets prefer to be referred to as the Dionne sisters instead of quintuplets.

Cloaking Device

Scientist are working on a fabric that can make anything or anyone invisible that it covers. Since it's first demonstrated in 2006 by a team of Duke University engineers, they have made great progress with algorithms.

"The difference between the original device and the latest model is like night and day," Smith said. "The new device can cloak a much wider spectrum of waves — nearly limitless — and will scale far more easily to infrared and visible light. The approach we used should help us expand and improve our abilities to cloak different types of waves."

The cloaking device bends electromagnetic waves to make it appear as if it's not there, similar to mirages.

"You see what looks like water hovering over the road, but it is in reality a reflection from the sky," Smith explained. "In that example, the mirage you see is cloaking the road below. In effect, we are creating an engineered mirage with this latest cloak design."

Their newest cloak is 20m inches by 4 inches and less then an inch high and made out of over 10,000 pieces of fiberglass.